Find the Job - Job Search News

Do Free Business-School Courses Have a Payoff?

WSJ Careers - Wed, 09/06/2017 - 08:11
Schools like Wharton and Harvard Business School have attracted thousands of people to free or low-cost online versions of courses taken by full-time M.B.A. students. But the career benefits for learners remain unclear.

Americans Are Happier at Work, but Expect a Lot Less

WSJ Careers - Tue, 09/05/2017 - 11:29
For the first time since 2005, more than half of U.S. workers say they’re satisfied with their jobs. But data also suggest Americans have changing views of what makes a job good, after a decade of bruising job cuts, minimal raises and lean staffing.

When It's OK to Be a Workaholic

WSJ Careers - Tue, 09/05/2017 - 10:50
For those who love what they do, being a workaholic isn’t all that unhealthy, new research suggests.

The Trick to Resisting Temptation

WSJ Careers - Wed, 08/30/2017 - 11:29
Dan Ariely answers readers’ questions on personal policies, distracted driving and office overconfidence.

Workers Save More for Retirement When Employers Tell Them to: Study

WSJ Careers - Tue, 08/29/2017 - 18:10
In an experiment involving older public employees in North Carolina, older workers—typically the most inflexible—were more likely to reassess their savings strategies or increase contributions in response to ‘nudges.’

Unlimited Vacation Time Is a Lot of Work

WSJ Careers - Tue, 08/29/2017 - 16:45
Experts say unlimited vacation time isn’t a perfect solution to an overworked workforce. Employees can become more hesitant to take time off when they’re allowed to do it any time—and for as long as they desire.

Generals Bring Battlefield Expertise to the Business World

WSJ Careers - Tue, 08/29/2017 - 11:54
Employers are turning to generals for help on numerous fronts, from corporate governance to grappling with cyberwarfare.

New Uber CEO's First Job: Manage the Board

WSJ Careers - Tue, 08/29/2017 - 10:23
Dara Khosrowshahi, the longtime head of Expedia who has been tapped to take over at Uber, would have to work with a board riven by animosity and legal disputes that is still looking for a new chairman.

Office Spaces Focusing More on Communal Areas

WSJ Careers - Mon, 08/28/2017 - 18:41
Businesses are beginning to design offices spaces that are increasing the amount of square footage per employee when shared work settings are taken into account.

Silicon Valley Scandals Open Dialogue Between Men and Women

WSJ Careers - Fri, 08/25/2017 - 06:43
Some female startup founders speak up about behavior they say they encounter in the male-dominated venture capital industry, as a string of scandals prompt some in the industry to confront cases of impropriety and re-examine practices.

The Management Fix That Made Firefox Faster

WSJ Careers - Tue, 08/22/2017 - 11:21
Mozilla, the company that makes the Firefox web browser, used tangible goals and a spirit of competition to inspire workers to focus on critical issues hurting their product’s performance.

Strangers know your social class in the first seven words you say, study finds

Career-Line - Wed, 08/16/2017 - 14:52

What we wear and buy are status symbols we can purchase to show off our economic success in the workplace. But a new study shows that there are others parts of us that give away our social backgrounds, no matter which purses, clothes, and cars we buy.

For Perspectives on Psychological Science, researchers from the University of California-San Francisco and Yale University conducted experiments on the verbal and nonverbal signs of social class we signal in interactions. They recruited participants to look at 20 Facebook photographs, watch a 60-second video of participants interacting with others, and listen to seven spoken words from participants to see how well strangers can accurately guess where you stand on the social ladder.

What they found was that more than pictures and videos of us, our speech is the most accurate indicator of our economic backgrounds.

The first seven words you say can reveal whether you have a college degree

It doesn’t even have to be speech that makes sense in context. The researchers split the speakers into different social classes based on their educational attainment and their occupation. The researchers then had observers listen to these speakers say seven words out of context  — “and,” “from,” “thought,” “beautiful,” “imagine,” “yellow,” and “the.”

From those seven isolated words alone, the observers could guess the participants’ social class at a rate that was higher than chance.

The seven-word study builds upon previous studies that found that social class signals are everywhere, even written upon our faces. One study found that people could accurately determine whether people were rich or poor based on their faces alone.

We’ve known for decades that our voices are linked to our social status. For the speech study, the researchers cited a famous 1972 study that found that New York City store clerks in big-name department stores will self-consciously pronounce the “r” in words more. These clerks subconsciously recognized how status would be signaled when they said “fawth flaw” over “fourth floor.”

The seven-word experiment has broader implications for economic mobility, which has become more constricted than ever in America. The researchers suggested that speech signaling will make it harder to cross social economic boundaries because “similarity enhances liking,” and we tend to interact and network more with people like us.

“When individuals accurately signal and perceive social class in interactions with others, signals that communicate differences in social class are likely to create barriers for relationship formation across class boundaries,” the study states.

If you can be judged rapidly, frequently, and accurately based on your words alone, that’s one more barrier that makes it harder to escape class boundaries.

This article Strangers know your social class in the first seven words you say, study finds appeared first on Ladders.

4 ways to stay afloat when you have more than one job

Career-Line - Wed, 08/16/2017 - 14:51

There are a handful of reasons why someone might have multiple jobs, with the need for extra cash or an outlet to express themselves through a side project high up on the list.

Either way, running back and forth between part-time positions and events can be a huge stressor. If this is your lifestyle, here’s what to do to stay on top all your commitments.

1. Know what’s on the books this week

It’s best to be crystal clear on what’s in store so you can plan accordingly.

In an article for The Muse, Avery Augustine writes that if you don’t pay attention to when you have to work, “as well as your social calendar,” things you didn’t see coming can sabotage “your productivity.”

She continues:

To help keep your priorities straight (and your sanity intact), take a few moments over the weekend to think through your schedule for the week. For example, maybe there’s a meeting or happy hour you want to attend on Wednesday night, so you’ll need to shift the majority of your evening work to Monday and Tuesday.

Augustine adds that planning things out will help you decide about last-minute obligations and say “no” if you have to, and that you will have the capacity to work “more efficiently” and squeeze in fun.

2. Get a handle on your money

Keeping up with what you’re making in more than one job takes attention to detail, but you can take specific measures to work toward fiscal stability.

A Monster article mentions how “financial discipline” is extremely important when you work for yourself. The article then continues, featuring advice from Sara Horowitz, founder and executive director of the Freelancers Union.

“A rule of thumb is for every dollar you take in, 60 cents goes into your checking and 40 cents goes into savings to pay your taxes,” she told Monster. “You should also look into low-cost group health insurance plans in your state.”

3. Remember, different jobs = different skills

Take comfort in the idea that having multiple jobs means more opportunities to hone your various crafts.

In a Huffington Post article, John Rampton writes that having positions of different natures “is great.” Since you aren’t repeating the same task at each one, you will “have more energy,” he writes.

He continues:

One job will use a certain skill set and another job will use another. Even if you work both jobs in the same day, you’ll likely have much more energy than if you only did one job. Sometimes a mix of a physical job and a desk job is just the mix people need in order to work many hours in the day.

4. Be clear on when you’re free and when you’re not

Only you know how much time you have, so if you don’t want to give it all away, be strategic about your availability. In other words, you work hard, and don’t let people gobble up all your time.

In a Lifehacker article, Eric Ravenscraft replies to a reader who says that he’s just graduated college and is working 60 to 70 hours weekly at various part-time positions. The reader asks how to avoid “getting burned out” and crushing his potential for “a steady job” in the future.

One of Ravenscraft’s tips is to “set boundaries and stick to them,” writing about how both supervisors could “want all of your time,” so he has to choose how much to dedicate to each.

He later continues:

Wherever possible, decide your availability for one job and adapt the other around that schedule. Work one during a normal 9-5 shift and fill in the gaps with the other, or only do one on weekdays and save the other for weekends. If you’re more of a freelancer, make sure each of your managers know your boundaries and stick to them. If you can, you should also set aside at least one day a week where you work neither job.

Ravenscraft adds that setting aside time is crucial because it creates a middle of the week and an opportunity to tend to what “you need to at home.”

Staying focused on your schedule, thinking about what you’re gaining from each job, and taking ownership of your time and money are key to thriving under the pressure of working multiple positions.

This article 4 ways to stay afloat when you have more than one job appeared first on Ladders.

4 rituals that will make you mentally strong

Career-Line - Wed, 08/16/2017 - 12:09

Grit. Resilience. Mental toughness. We hear a lot about them these days. But maybe we shouldn’t. Why?

Because there have been good solutions to the underlying problem for about, oh, 2000 years. The ancient Stoic philosophers really knew what they were doing when it came to building mental toughness. In fact…

What’s the most effective psychological tool we have today? Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. What’s it based on? Stoicism.

From Stoicism and the Art of Happiness – Ancient Tips For Modern Challenges:

Stoicism provides a rich armamentarium of strategies and techniques for developing psychological resilience… In a sense, ancient Stoicism was the granddaddy of all ‘self-help’ and its ideas and techniques have inspired many modern approaches to both personal development and psychological therapy. It’s generally accepted that the modern psychotherapy that most resembles ancient Stoic ‘remedies’ for emotional problems is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and its precursor Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT)… CBT also happens to have the strongest evidence base, the strongest scientific support, of any modern form of psychological therapy.

But a lot of people hear “Stoic” and think that means Spock on Star Trek. Wrong. It’s not going to turn you into a emotionless robot. Most of us get a lot of things wrong about Stoicism.

The Stoics had some great tools to help fight negative feelings. And when you’re good at dealing with the negative, you have more time for the positive. And that also helps you stay resilient when it feels like the world is out to get you.

So let’s learn the basics of what the guys-in-togas really had to say and how it can make you more mentally strong so you can get what you want out of life…

Your stoicism cheatsheet

“Stoicism.” The word even sounds serious. Don’t let it scare you.

Zeno, the guy who founded the philosophy, used to teach on what was basically a porch. The “Stoa” in “Stoicism” means porch. So if it’s less intimidating, think of this ancient wisdom as “Porchism” because that’s basically what it translates as.

Now “Porchism” encompasses a lot of different ideas but for our purposes we’ll focus on two principles that are fundamental:

First: “People are not disturbed by events, but rather by their judgments about events.” Get fired? Sounds bad. End up getting a much better job? So getting fired was good. Pain in your arm? Uh-oh. But were you just in a car accident and the doctor said you might never regain feeling in your limbs? So pain is good. Events are neither good nor bad; your interpretation of them of them is good or bad.

So when you blame events for your feelings, the toga-guys say you’re just plain wrong. The rain didn’t make you sad, your beliefs about the rain made you sad.

Second: It’s critical to know what you can control and what you can’t. And for the Stoics, the only thing you ever really have control over is your deliberate thoughts. You can’t control other people, you can’t control nature, and you can’t always control your own body. (Try wishing away your migraine and let me know how well that works.)

When you get frustrated over something you cannot control (which is most things) you’re pretending you’re God. You feel you should have power over something you don’t and that’s why you get angry, frustrated or sad. Yeah, maybe people “shouldn’t” do that, but they are. Maybe it “shouldn’t” be raining, but it is.

You have to accept you do not have control over a lot of stuff — but that doesn’t mean you give up. You can influence things and you can try to affect them, but when you delude yourself that you “should” have 100% control over an outcome, you’re almost always going to find yourself emotionally upset if things don’t go your way.

Now both of these ideas — that you’re disturbed by beliefs not events and that the issue of control is at the heart of negative emotions — are central to resilience and mental toughness. Let’s learn how to put them to work.

(To learn how to never be frustrated again, click here.)

So a big challenge is on the horizon. What’s the first step to getting mentally stronger?

Ask “What’s the worst that could happen?”

Roman Emperor and Stoic philosopher Marcus Aurelius wrote:

Begin each day by telling yourself: Today I shall be meeting with interference, ingratitude, insolence, disloyalty, ill-will, and selfishness…

Why in the world would you want to start the day with that thought in your head? Because Marcus didn’t want to be surprised. He wanted to be prepared.

We all know people can be difficult. We all know you can’t control what they do. If I just said that and nothing else, you’d roll your eyes at me and wonder why you decided to read this. And yet when people are difficult, you often respond like this was totally unexpected, and then you get angry. Does that make any sense?

Reminding yourself of the worst isn’t pessimism. Buying life insurance doesn’t mean you want to die; it means you realistically recognize it can happen and you want to be prepared. So Marcus reminded himself every morning that people were going to be difficult. That way it wouldn’t surprise him, and he wouldn’t get frustrated and just tell them all to go to hell. He could move right on to negotiating.

When we’re unrealistically optimistic, when our expectations are totally out of whack, we get frustrated and give up. But by thinking about what could go wrong in any situation, you mentally prepare yourself for it and you keep on trucking.

From Stoicism and the Art of Happiness – Ancient Tips For Modern Challenges:

Seneca writes that we should contemplate events in advance so that nothing ever takes us by surprise in this way, as ‘What is quite unlooked for is more crushing in its effect, and unexpectedness adds to the weight of a disaster’ by magnifying the distress experienced (Letters, 91). He goes on to say that we should therefore ‘project our thoughts ahead of us’ and imagine every conceivable setback so that we may ‘strengthen the mind’ to cope with them, or as we put it today, to develop psychological resilience in the face of adversity.

And if you spend some time thinking about the downside — experiencing those bad feelings in advance — something else happens. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy calls it “decatastrophizing.” That’s a fancy word for “realizing it’s not the end of the world.”

Your first day on the job, something went wrong and you freaked out. A few weeks later, the same thing happened and you didn’t even blink. You got used to it.

So taking the time to think through the worst that could happen, to feel the negatives before you really feel the negatives, turns down the volume on those emotions when it counts. And that allows you to weather the storm.

From Stoicism and the Art of Happiness – Ancient Tips For Modern Challenges:

As in Stoicism, a broad range of situations are rehearsed, so that general emotional resilience can be developed, through a process explained by analogy with viral immunization. By exposing yourself to small doses of stress in a controlled way, sometimes in imagination, you can build up stronger defences and become less vulnerable when confronted with a real-life problem. Psychological resilience tends to ‘generalize’, though, so that even situations that are neither anticipated nor directly rehearsed may be experienced as less overwhelming, as long as a wide variety of other adversities have been anticipated and coped with resiliently.

(To learn the morning ritual that will keep you happy all day, click here.)

So you’ve thought about the worst and you’re prepared. Great. But now that big challenge is looming. Should you optimistically say, “I’m gonna win!”? Absolutely not…

Use a “reserve clause”

The Stoic philosopher Epictetus called it “hupexhairesis.” Annnnnnd, let’s just stick with calling it a “reserve clause”, shall we?

When someone says, “God willing…” or, “Fate permitting…”, that’s a reserve clause. They’re acknowledging that at least part of the outcome is not under their control — and you know how the Stoics felt about control.

When you use a reserve clause, if things don’t work out, you don’t crater your self-esteem and give up on your goals. You know it’s not 100% in your control and therefore it can’t be 100% your fault.

This isn’t an excuse to be lazy. It’s recognizing that you have control over process, not outcome. Saying, “I am definitely going to get an A+ on that exam” is a lie. It’s outside your control. But saying, “I am going to study my ass off” is within your control.

And by focusing on what you can control, you also give yourself a plan of action. If you’re just pollyanna optimistic about getting that A+, you can be lazy. By recognizing all you have power over is studying, then boom: you know what you need to do next.

If you think you can control outcomes, reality is eventually going to punch you in the face and let you know who’s boss. And that will make you angry with yourself or angry with the world. And you’ll want to give up.

Instead, focus on what you can control: process. Plain and simple, do all that you can. Fate permitting, you’ll do well. And if you don’t, then that wasn’t under your control. So don’t sweat it. In the words of the great Stoic, Seneca:

In short, the wise man looks to the purpose of all actions, not their consequences; beginnings are in our power but Fortune judges the outcome, and I do not grant her a verdict upon me.

(To learn how 5 post-it notes can make you happy, confident and successful, click here.)

Okay, so you thought about the worst and you were emotionally prepared. You used a reserve clause and did your best. But you still failed. Time to quit and be sad? No. You’re mentally tougher than that…

Take the “view from above”

When things get you down and you want to give up, the Stoics knew that what you needed was perspective. The world is a big place. Your life is long. But when you feel like you screwed up, you forget this and your minor setback is all you can think about.

So take a step back. Look at the big picture. Here’s Marcus Aurelius:

Many of the anxieties that harass you are superfluous: being but creatures of your own fancy, you can rid yourself of them and expand into an ampler region, letting your thought sweep over the entire universe, contemplating the illimitable tracts of eternity.

Stoics like to take the “view from above.” Imagine viewing yourself from the sky. Now see how small you are compared to the city you’re in. And how small that city is compared to the country. How tiny the country is compared to the world. And the world is just a blue dot in the galaxy.

This doesn’t mean you’re insignificant. You’re getting caught in your interpretations of the events, and you’re probably mistaken about what was under your control. Your problems are small. And much like you are tiny compared to the galaxy, your current problem is likely minuscule in the grand scheme of your life.

Yes, you screwed up. But you’ve screwed up before — many times — and it felt like the end of the world then, too. It wasn’t. Nobel prize winning psychologist Daniel Kahneman called this common error a “focusing illusion”:

Nothing in life is as important as you think it is while you are thinking about it.

When you put problems into a bigger perspective like “the view from above”, you can resist the focusing illusion, and you can stay mentally strong under the most intense pressure.

My friend Joe, an Army Ranger and Iraq war veteran, once took a job in a Hollywood agency mailroom. Those jobs are near-impossible to get because it’s pretty much the only path to becoming a big shot agent in Tinseltown. But it’s also known for being one of the toughest jobs in a very tough industry.

You work absurdly long hours for terrible pay and the level of abuse you deal with is the stuff of legend. I asked Joe how the heck he managed to put up with all the grief. He looked at me like I was crazy and said:

Eric, in my prior job people shot at me.

That’s perspective. That’s the view from above.

(To learn more secrets to grit — from a Navy SEAL, click here.)

So you don’t let failure break your spirit. But how do you stay inspired to keep after your goals once you’ve been knocked down?

Ask: “What would Batman do?”

Fine, fine, the Stoics never talked about Batman. But they might as well have. They did think a very important ritual was “Contemplation of the Sage.”

The Sage is to Stoicism what becoming a Buddha is to Buddhism. You’ve mastered the art. You’ve beaten the final level of the video game.

Plain and simple, when you find yourself lacking strength, the Stoics felt you needed a role model. Someone to look up to, and someone to be inspired by. Thinking about that person (even if they happen to be a fictional character who defends Gotham City) can give you guidance and fortitude. In the words of Seneca:

Choose someone whose way of life as well as words, and whose very face as mirroring the character that lies behind it, have won your approval. Be always pointing him out to yourself either as your guardian or as your model. There is a need, in my view, for someone as a standard against which our characters can measure themselves. Without a ruler to do it against you won’t make the crooked straight.

How do you choose your role model? Ask yourself who you admire. Who you want to be.

From Build Your Resilience: Teach Yourself How to Survive and Thrive in Any Situation:

Which qualities do you most admire in others? What sort of person, ultimately, do you want to be in life? If this is our standard then, in a sense, the concept of ‘resilience’ must be subordinate to it. ‘Resilience’ refers to your ability to remain committed to valued living, a life emulating your ideal, even in the face of adversity, and to re-commit to your values, getting back on course after a setback has led you temporarily astray.

And, for the record, this isn’t just a bunch of inspirational hooey from 2000 years ago. Research shows thinking about people you admire can help you make better decisions.

Brian Wansink teaches food psychology at Cornell University. Before kids ate a meal, he asked them to consider, “What would Batman eat?” That one question made them much more likely to pick apple slices over french fries for lunch. What about with adults? Same principle held true.

Your heroes are strong. And they can make you strong too if you think about them when times are tough.

(To learn more lifehacks from a variety of ancient thinkers, click here.)

Alright, we’ve learned a bunch from the Stoics. Let’s round it all up and find out the surprising way we can also get happier as we get mentally stronger…

Sum up

Here are the four Stoic rituals that can make you mentally stronger:

  • Ask, “What’s the worst that could happen?”: You won’t be surprised and you’ll be better prepared. And that’s a prescription for perseverance.
  • Use a “reserve clause”: Fate permitting, it will help you persist after disappointment. (If not, it’s out of my control.)
  • Take the “view from above”: Put things in perspective. Whatever occurred, it’s probably not the worst thing that has ever happened. (And if people shot at you at your last job, it definitely isn’t.)
  • Ask, “What would Batman do?”: Or Wonder Woman. Heroes really do guide our behavior and give us strength.

Some people might still be a little scared to seriously think about “What’s the worst that can happen?” To be fair, “the worst” can be pretty bad at times. And even the Stoics knew thinking about this was not fun.

But oddly enough, there’s a very nice side-effect to considering awfulness: it can actually make you happier. Yes, happier.

You may have heard of a principle called “the hedonic treadmill.” It’s one of the most depressing findings in happiness research. It says that we eventually adapt to whatever good things happen to us. You get a raise… and then you take it for granted. New car? You’ll take that for granted eventually, too.

But when we imagine losing the things we’ve taken for granted, studies show the effect temporarily reverses — we become grateful. And happier:

The authors hypothesized that thinking about the absence of a positive event from one’s life would improve affective states more than thinking about the presence of a positive event but that people would not predict this when making affective forecasts… As predicted, people in the former condition reported more positive affective states.

You don’t appreciate air conditioning until you step out into 100 degree weather. So don’t be afraid to think about the worst. Much like the “view from above” it helps you put things into perspective.

And try using the phrase “fate permitting” when you’re facing a challenge. Seriously, give it shot. It’s worked for 2000 years. After all…

What’s the worst that could happen?

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This article originally appeared at Barking Up the Wrong Tree.

This article 4 rituals that will make you mentally strong appeared first on Ladders.

7 working moms on what it’s like to pump breast milk at the office

Career-Line - Wed, 08/16/2017 - 11:00

First comes love, then comes marriage, then comes the baby, then comes . . . the breast pump. Even as families take on more shapes and forms, many employers still don’t offer comfortable, beneficial, and respectful solutions for working women to pump their breast milk at the office.

Depending on milk production, most new moms can expect to pump for 30 minutes to an hour at least twice a day during traditional office hours. While federal law currently does not require companies to provide breaks for nursing mothers, they may be required by state law, and the Department of Labor encourages employers to provide these breaks.

Between scheduling meetings, filing reports, completing projects, and filtering emails, those precious moments to escape can offer uninterrupted quiet to think clearly or relax from the rollercoaster of emotions and changes that are happening in your body, mind, and life. But when you’re shoved into a closet, asked to pump in your car, or stuck in a meeting until your breasts are painful, your stress level will reach an even higher high.

Here, moms who pumped on the job share their good and bad experiences, as well as offer their best advice to employers and working mothers.

“I used my boss’s office”

When Lisa Munjack, now the president of her new company, Munjack Marketing, was a new mom, she worked at a newspaper in New York. At the time, the company didn’t offer many places for her to pump. Her cubicle had no door and a window that faced the street.

Her solution? She asked her boss to use his private corner office. The move didn’t come without blunders, though.

“If you’ve ever breastfed, you know how urgent it can be to express milk,” she said. “If you don’t, then we’re talking leakage. So I’d run in with my breast pump and tell him he had to clear out quickly. He was an older man, so he’d always be embarrassed but would gather up whatever he was working on and go to my desk.”

A better option would be for employers to offer a small, private, dimly-lit room for this purpose, Munjack said. 

“I was upfront about the needs I would have”

Lisa Wright, now the executive director at Complex Care Texas, said she was pleasantly surprised by the offerings of her company when she had her first child. Not only did the company provide individual rooms for moms who valued privacy, but it also created a larger room where working moms could pump together and store their breast milk in lockers.

While the accommodations for new moms were impressive, scheduling proved to be a more difficult task, Wright said. She said she set an alarm clock and sometimes had to leave meetings to pump. 

Wright’s advice to working moms is to never make excuses for why you’re late or need to exit a meeting earlier, since your body — and your baby’s health — is your top priority in the newborn months.

“You have to ensure you communicate in advance to all meeting organizers if you are going to be late, need to leave early, or will have to step out of the meeting for a bit,” she said. “You have to be confident to speak up.”

“I struggled with getting comfortable without my baby”

When Carrie Aulenbacher, an executive administrator and author, had her first child, she said her company was gracious and patient with her experience.

“I was allowed to lock myself in the upstairs conference room for privacy and space to set up my pump,” she said. “This gave me more room than the bathroom and a desk to set up the pump, plug it in and more. No-one interrupted with calls or messages, and I was able to plan my break about halfway through my workday when I would normally have fed my baby. It was a bit awkward at first, but knowing I had privacy made it easy.”

However, getting the breast milk engines rolling was a taller order. Her body wasn’t responding on demand, and sometimes it took longer, she said.

Her advice? Keep pumping breaks fluid.

“New moms can’t always milk on command like a dairy cow, and it takes a bit of transitioning from work mode to mommy mode to get started,” she said. “Just know that the more leniency and privacy you can give a pumping mom, the more she appreciates it. We already feel guilty for being away from our baby and giving us the trust and space to pump helps lower that anxiety.”

“Sometimes I would have to drive home fast because I was in so much pain”

Sophia Eng, a growth advisor for large enterprise companies, pumped at work from the time her baby was three months until 19 months. During that period, she had to come up with many solutions to make her routine manageable. 

“There were many days that I would take meetings in the mother’s room with the pump in the background,” she said. “And there were days that the rooms were all booked during lunch, and that was the only free time I had. I would have to wait until my meetings were over for the day and would be in so much pain until I could drive quickly home to feed the baby instead of pumping at the office. There were days that I would have to take my hospital grade pump to conferences into San Francisco in heels and pump in the bathrooms.”

Though she made it work, she advised moms to be easier on themselves, especially during this huge lifestyle shift.

“I taped paper over windows for privacy”

When Wei-Shin Lai, now the CEO of SleepPhones, was a full-time doctor, she breastfed her son until he was 2-years-old, which required her to pump up to four times a day. Luckily, another new mom was in the same predicament. They figured out a way to time-manage their pumps — but not without chaos.

“Scheduling the alternating pumping while seeing patients on time was sometimes challenging since we couldn’t control how much time a patient needed,” she said. “We had a vertical window in the door, so we taped paper along the window for privacy. The blinds had to be pulled down when we pumped too, especially in the winter at 5 p.m. when it would be dark outside already. With a box of tissues and the pumping equipment, it was actually pretty smooth.”

She said she hopes other employers will be flexible with new moms and their needs, too, especially since it’s not just a physical approach that’s important, but also an emotional one.

“If we’re relaxed, it’s easier to pump than if we are upset about something,” she said. “So it’s really hard to schedule precisely to the minute. Having a private office with a desk and computer allows us to be productive while we are pumping. A bathroom is no place to make food for a baby — that’s just gross.”

“Management announced I was pumping to the whole team”

Eighteen years ago, Jennine Leale, now the CEO of HRPRO Consulting Series LLC, was working as a human resources manager at another company when she became a mom. She shared an office with an assistant, and her manager thought it would be “inappropriate” to ask the assistant to leave twice a day. Instead, Leale was permitted to use the computer room, a large space with the air conditioning on high to cool the large servers. 

“In amongst the servers, on a folding chair balancing an electric pump on my lap, I pumped and stored my baby’s milk in a portable cooler,” she said. “I was not only uncomfortable but very embarrassed. Then I would commute home, by subway and train with the pump and cooler.”

To make matters worse, her management team announced she would be pumping, calling unwanted attention to a very personal matter, she said.

“Aside from the cold and the embarrassment, my expressing milk lead to comments from others about how I should be home with my baby, that they better not see any issues with my work because of the time I am taking away from work and the resentment from coworkers for being allowed to take ‘breaks,’” she said.

Her advice to employers? Remember the age-old rule: happy employees are better employees.

“I pumped while on the pot”

When Dr. Shruti Tannan, a board-certified plastic surgeon, had her first baby, she went into labor while operating. She finished the case, scrubbed out, and delivered her baby. This multitasking attitude would extend far into her first year of motherhood, too. Worried that her career would suffer if she didn’t return back to work in a timely manner, she was back in action six weeks to the day of her delivery.

She recalled one time she was faced with a tough decision. She hadn’t had time to eat, drink, or pump, and was needed in an emergency surgery.

“I am about to scrub into a 12+ hour case to reconnect the blood vessels, bones, nerves and tendons in this patient’s hand,” she said. “I can pump now, in the bathroom, while I am eating a Cliff bar and well, using the facilities. Or I can wait 12 hours and then basically let my milk supply dwindle from 18 hours of disuse. I chose to pump while on the pot.”

Not all careers — especially those that deal with life-or-death situations — are always conducive to a pumping schedule, so goal-oriented mamas have to make their own time, Tannan said. Even so, she said she hopes conditions improve.

“My hope is that five years later things are different for women,” she said. “I hope women everywhere receive support in the workplace. No one should have to decide between job security or breast milk for their newborn.”

This article 7 working moms on what it’s like to pump breast milk at the office appeared first on Ladders.

3 tips to become well-spoken

Career-Line - Wed, 08/16/2017 - 10:25

Want to become well-spoken? Here are three tips.

1. Make others feel well-heard

We focus too much on what we should say next, formulating witty responses in our heads instead of giving full presence to the person talking. The art of listening is as important as the art of speaking.

When the other person feels truly “heard,” that person will perceive you are caring about what he or she is saying, and this may make you appear more likable and better spoken.

2. Ask questions you genuinely care about or are curious about

These questions are better than ones you think will make you sound smart or clever. People palpate authenticity from the way a question is used: whether it is a genuine question or just a way to make the asker show cleverness or superiority.

Of course, questions can be genuine AND clever, as long as your questions are truthful to your interest and engagement.

3. Practice the technical aspects of your communication

Slow down if you tend to speak very quickly. (Visual thinkers tend to do this.) Pay attention to the meter or pace of your speech. Match the pace of the conversation, unless you want to deliberately slow down or speed up the pace of conversation to improve the overall level of engagement.

Remember: If you slow down the speed of conversation, you will become the focal point in the conversation; thus slowing down is useful for changing the tone/depth or direction of a conversation.

Lower your voice to a calming pitch, but not to the point of becoming distracting and jarring, i.e. un-natural sounding (as an example, Elizabeth Holmes deliberately lowers her voice to the point of being unnatural for me personally, whatever her rationale may be to cultivate vocal authority).

If your voice tends to be low and you want to appear more approachable and friendly, slightly raise the pitch of your voice; imagine puppies or whatever adorable baby creatures that break your face into a big smile.

Reduce filler words: “um, uh, like, just”. Make friends with pauses in between sentences and learn to be comfortable in short moments of silence. I remember reading a research study that suggests filler words are a way for our brains to scan for the right words, thus I’m not arbitrarily saying that filler words are “bad.” However, using the same line of thinking, reducing filler words suggests you have a good command of the vocabulary you want to best communicate your ideas.

Have something to talk about: pay attention to timely topics and pay attention to what other people are paying attention to. It doesn’t all have to come from “you” — I have few original ideas and even fewer insightful ones — but I can share the insight I have observed or read about from others, and I can be a bridge or connector in a conversation. You may want to start by becoming a connector or bridge in a conversation, versus a “driver” of conversations.

This article originally appeared on Quora.

This article 3 tips to become well-spoken appeared first on Ladders.

How to answer the 5 most important interview questions

Career-Line - Wed, 08/16/2017 - 10:23

Mark Zuckerberg, CEO and founder of Facebook, describes his hiring process this way: “I will only hire someone to work directly for me if I would work directly for that person.”

Zuckerberg’s comment illustrates an overlooked, yet fundamental, truth about hiring — people are ultimately looking for someone they want to work with.

This is why companies of all types will ask you the same five questions.

Human nature ensures interviewers return to these questions time and again to find out if you’re someone they want to have down the hall.

Your ability to wow the interviewer and land the job hinges on how well you answer these questions.

Fear not! I’ve provided perfect answers to the five questions you will be asked every time you interview.

“Why are you leaving your current job?”

This question trips a lot of people up because it can get you into a negative mindset or a rant against your present (or previous) job. The interviewer only wants to know that you aren’t leaving purely for money and that you don’t have trouble getting along with people.

Even if you were fired, the key to answering this question is to maintain undying positivity. Put a positive twist on the negatives to show your interviewer that you’ve learned significant and valuable lessons.

If at all possible, show the interviewer that your moving jobs is all about passion and career growth.

“Tell me about yourself”

When interviewers ask this, they don’t want to hear about everything that has happened in your life; the interviewer’s objective is to see how you respond to this vague, yet personal, question.

Most people are quick to gush about their life story or their passions outside work. In the process, people have the tendency to slip up and to reveal things that cast them in a negative light. You don’t want to be too loose with your personal life with someone you just met.

The idea here is to give the most important points of your resume and how these experiences make you a great fit for the job. All you need to do is show the interviewer why you’re the best fit for the position and leave all the other extraneous details out.

“What are your weaknesses?”

It’s difficult to find a genuine weakness that makes you appear competent.

For instance, telling your interviewer that your weakness is working so hard that you have trouble prioritizing your family life is a little too cliché and comes across as disingenuous. But telling your interviewer that you lose interest in mundane tasks (though this may be genuine) makes you an unappealing candidate as well.

To answer this question perfectly, pick weaknesses that are minor and can be developed.

A great tactic is to choose a past weakness that you have an awesome story about fixing. For example, if your weakness is that you have difficulty confronting people with bad news, tell your interviewer that you’ve learned to begin with something positive before moving into the negative. This is a perfect example because the issue is minor (interviewers won’t consider it a deal-breaker), and you’ve shown that you’re someone who can learn and seeks improvement.

“What is your desired salary?”

The unwritten rule when it comes to salary is this: whoever proposes a number first, loses.

When you interview, you should never feel pressured to answer this question. Simply let your interviewer know that the most important thing to you is how well you fit the position.

Say something simple like, “Though I know salary is relevant, I don’t make decisions based solely on it, and I would prefer to discuss it later once you know more about me and I know more about the role.”

This shows the interviewer that you have put thought into the question and that you would prefer to focus on fit before pay. You’ll have far more leverage in a salary negotiation if you wait until they want to hire you before discussing it.

“Tell me about a time when you ­­­­­­_______”

This question sounds simple, but it’s difficult to clearly and concisely share a meaningful story.

Laszlo Bock, the head of HR at Google, says you should approach this question like this: “Here’s the attribute I’m going to demonstrate; here’s the story demonstrating it; here’s how that story demonstrated that attribute.”

Bock also says, “Most people in an interview don’t make explicit their thought process behind how or why they did something and, even if they are able to come up with a compelling story, they are unable to explain their thought processes.”

A perfect answer to this question shows what you did and why you did it (i.e., how you think).

Have stories prepared that demonstrate different desirable attributes of yourself. Just don’t forget to explain the thinking that went into your actions as you tell them.

Bringing it all together

Now that you know how to answer the five most important questions in any interview, you’ll have a leg up on the competition. Just don’t forget to prepare and practice your responses until you can share them without your answers sounding rehearsed.

Travis Bradberry is the coauthor of Emotional Intelligence 2.0 and the cofounder of TalentSmart.

This article originally appeared on LinkedIn.

This article How to answer the 5 most important interview questions appeared first on Ladders.

Con Job: Hackers Target Millennials Looking for Work

WSJ Careers - Wed, 08/16/2017 - 07:40
As job recruiting, applications and interviewing become more digital, hackers are finding new ways to target young people with employment scams.

Here’s why you shouldn’t use smiley face emojis in work emails

Career-Line - Tue, 08/15/2017 - 15:41

The next time you want to drop a smiley face emoji into a work email, it might be wise to hold back — especially if the sender is someone you haven’t met yet.

A recent, three-experiment study by researchers from Ben-Gurion University of Negev, Amsterdam University and University of Haifa revealed that unlike smiles in real life, smiley emojis lessen “perceptions of competence” and don’t elevate “perceptions of warmth.” Overall, 549 people from 29 countries took part in the research, which was funded by the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research.

Citing research, the authors defined “warmth” as “traits that reflect a person’s perceived social intentions, such as trustworthiness, sincerity, kindness, and friendliness.” They defined “competence” as “traits that reflect a person’s capacity to pursue goals and intentions, such as efficacy, skill, confidence, and intelligence,” also citing research.

Sending a smiley emoji in an email might just make someone think you are less capable, which could affect the information they share with you and your working relationship, the study found.

Why you should keep your fingers off the smiley emojis

Of all the findings, here are some that stood out.

In the first study (which also featured an initial “pilot study” to gather data), participants assumed they were doing “a project” by creating a “presentation for students” looking to take class overseas, with three people from other nations.

They were randomly assigned to one of the four conditions: a picture with a smiling face, a picture with a neutral face, a message with smileys, and a message without them.

Faces with smiles made people more frequently judge them as more “warm” and able in comparison to neutral ones. But smiles in messages only made people think they were warmer by a small amount and made them think they were much less able, in comparison to a text-only message.

In the second study, people read an email message from someone they would hypothetically be working with and judged their competence and warmth. They had to write a response back and pick what they thought they thought the sender’s gender was.

Smiley emojis were found to have a bad impact on how the participants judged ability and none on warmth. In “the smiley condition,” participants thought the sender was a woman more often than a man, but it didn’t have an impact on what people thought of them.

Formality played a role in the third study. Participants read an email message hypothetically sent by a new hire to an administrative assistant who did not know the employee. The message was a query “about a staff meeting (formal condition) or a social gathering (informal condition).” The study adds that the email featured two smileys or none at all. Participants judged the person’s warmth and ability, and how fitting the message was.

The researchers found that smileys worked against the judgment of ability and didn’t influence how warm participants thought the sender was under the formal condition. But under informal terms, the sender was seen as more warm and what people thought about the person’s ability was not affected, although the research adds that “these effects were partially mediated by perceptions of (in)appropriateness.”

Why your relationship to the sender is important

No matter who you are, you might not want to include a smiley in a work email to someone you haven’t met — depending on the nature of the interaction.

Dr. Ella Glikson, a post-doctorate fellow at BGU’s Department of Management in the Guilford Glazer Faculty of Business and Management, commented on the findings in a statement:

People tend to assume that a smiley is a virtual smile, but the findings of this study show that in the case of the workplace, at least as far as initial “encounters” are concerned, this is incorrect…For now, at least, a smiley can only replace a smile when you already know the other person. In initial interactions, it is better to avoid using smileys, regardless of age or gender.

Keep this in mind for your next work email

It’s clear the rules of emoji etiquette are still being formed. In another study, smiley-face emojis were reportedly “found to be largely acceptable by respondents.” The same research says to steer clear of emojis with hearts, memes, and typos.

When in doubt about how to write an email message clearly and effectively, model it after Steve Jobs– he was known to use a simple layout, no “filler words,” and include one clear purpose.

Or take a page out of the smiley emoji study, which says: “a smiley is not a smile.”

This article Here’s why you shouldn’t use smiley face emojis in work emails appeared first on Ladders.

1 in 5 Americans work in hostile environments, survey finds

Career-Line - Tue, 08/15/2017 - 13:10

According to the new American Working Conditions Survey, many employees in the U.S. don’t feel safe or comfortable in their workplaces.

Created by the Rand Corp., Harvard Medical School, and the University of California, Los Angeles, the report surveyed more than 3,000 U.S. workers to help policymakers understand what’s it like to be an American employee today. What they found is that many of us are stressed and under a variety of external pressures that take a toll.

1 in 5 employees have a hostile workplace

One in five employees surveyed said they were exposed to a “hostile or threatening social environment at work,” a number the researchers called “disturbingly high.” More than half of employees said they faced “unpleasant and potentially hazardous” conditions. But not all employees are being exposed to these conditions at the same rate.

Researchers found that your likeliness to get harassed split along age, gender, and education lines. Younger women were more likely to experience “unwanted sexual attention” at work, while younger men without a college degree were more likely to face “verbal abuse and humiliating behavior.”

Perhaps young women recognize these predatory dangers. A separate poll by Morning Consult in partnership with the New York Times found that younger women policed how they interacted with men more than older women did at work. For that poll, self-policing meant younger women would be more likely to turn down off-hours drinking with male co-workers.

Taxing demands at work

When your boss needs that report yesterday, deadlines can be emotionally exhausting to meet. Two-thirds of Americans said they worked tight deadlines, and one in four said that they had too little time to do their job.

When you lack the time to complete the job on the clock, it carries over into your personal life. Half of the employees surveyed said they do work in their free time to complete work demands.

Getting flexibility at work differed depending on gender, youth, and degrees. Women reported experiencing more difficulty than men in getting time off work to take care of family matters, younger employees had a harder time getting a flexible schedule than older ones, and workers with a college degree said they got more schedule flexibility than those without that degree.

There was one bright spot, however. Four out of five workers said they found their work meaningful in some way, whether that meant feeling satisfied or useful or experiencing some sense of personal accomplishment.

But overall, what this report shows is that when it comes to the American workplace, there’s still a ways to go before it’s a safe environment for all.

This article 1 in 5 Americans work in hostile environments, survey finds appeared first on Ladders.